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The eye is an important sense organ of our body that allows us to see our surroundings. Any acute or chronic disorder affecting the eyes can affect the vision. There has been considerable progress in the field of ophthalmology, which has helped patients to obtain relief from the symptoms of eye diseases and prevent deterioration of the vision.
However, the neurological and degenerative ophthalmic diseases are resistant to even the advanced ophthalmic treatments. Also, some of these treatments are known to cause adverse effects. Hence, there is a need to find a safe and effective alternative to the modern ophthalmic treatments. Ayurveda, the Indian system of medicine, offers natural treatments such as Akshitarpan to improve the vision and relieve the symptoms of the eye diseases.
Akshi-tarpan, also known as Netra-tarpan is an ayurvedic procedure in which a medicated ghee is retained over the eyes for a specified duration of time. Once the eyes are covered with the medicated ghee, the patient is asked to open and close the eyes several times before it is removed. The ghee strengthens and nourishes the eyes and improves the vision. The therapy also involves a gentle massage of the structures surrounding the eyes such as the head and the face before the ghee is removed. The procedure of Akshitarpan is described beneath:
Akshitarpan involves 3 stages: Purva Karma (Pre-treatment procedure), Pradhana Karma (Main Treatment) and Paschata Karma (Post-treatment procedure).
1. Purva Karma (Pre-treatment procedure)
The pre-treatment involves the preparation of the patient for the therapy. During Purva Karma, the patient is examined to understand his or her Prakriti (the basic constitution) and the Vikriti (morbidity or the disease state). The eyes are examined to evaluate the vision and the signs of disease. This helps to decide the treatment line-up, and the materials and medications that may be needed for the therapy. During Purva Karma, the eligibility of the patient for the Akshitarpan treatment is also assessed.
Preparation for the treatment:
The materials and medications needed for the treatment are collected prior to the procedure. They include the medicated ghee or supernatant layer of medicated ghee depending on the disorder to be treated.
Immediate Purva karma:
The immediate Purva karma is a part of the pre-treatment for Akshitarpan that is carried out just before the therapy if person has gone through whole Panchakarma Detox, which involves:
2. Pradhana Karma (Main Treatment):
The Akshitarpan treatment is preferably done in a season that is neither too hot nor too cold. The treatment is conducted in the morning or evening. In case of severe vision loss or intense symptoms, the patients may have to undergo the therapy twice a day.
The treatment begins with allowing the patient to lie down on the back with a proper neck support. Then, an Akshitarpan cabinet or ring is constructed around the eye by placing the rings of flour over the eye sockets. The place where the rings meet the eye sockets must be sealed with wet flour to prevent the ghee from leaking or escaping during the process.
The Akshitarpan ring is filled with the lukewarm medicated ghee. The patient is instructed to keep the eyes closed while the ghee is being poured into the ring. Later, the patient is advised to open and close the eyes repeatedly. This allows the inner parts of the eyes to come in contact with the ghee.
The medicament is left in place for a specified duration of time depending on the disorder to be treated. For example; it is kept in place for about 30 seconds for treating the diseases affecting the eyelids and for about 3 minutes for treating the diseases affecting the sclera.
3. Paschata Karma (Post-treatment procedure)
After retaining the ghee for the stipulated period, it is drained out by making a hole or a small opening at the bottom of the ring. Then, the eye is irrigated thoroughly with lukewarm water. The patient is advised to avoid the exposure to strong winds, bright lights, mirrors, and other luminous objects following the procedure.
One can also choose to get only main treatment to experience its results.
The medicated ghee used in Akshitarpan has the ability to penetrate through the channels of the body. Hence, when it is applied to the eyes, it easily reaches its deeper layers and cleanses the external as well as deeper ophthalmic structures.
The medicated ghee possesses lipophilic properties, which facilitate the transportation of the medication into the cells as the cell membranes are made up of lipids. Hence, the therapeutic action of this procedure occurs at the cellular level.
This phospholipid nature of the ghee also allows for the entry of the medication into the eyes through the cornea. The corneal epithelial layer is permeable to the lipid-soluble substances; hence, it allows the lipid-soluble ghee to cross the corneal epithelium to reach the inner layers of the eyes.
Also, the medicine used in Akshitarpan is in the form of a suspension containing particles of different molecular sizes that do not leave the eyes as quick as a solution. Due to this, the ghee remains in contact with the eyes for a longer time thereby ensuring a better bioavailability and a higher therapeutic concentration.
This enhances the action of ghee by allowing better absorption of the medication through the corneal surface.
After Akshitarpan procedure, the patients experience an improvement in the vision and relief from the ophthalmic symptoms, which can be assessed through the following signs:
Akshitarpan is beneficial for treating the following ophthalmic conditions:
There has been a sharp rise in the incidence of computer vision syndrome that occurs due to working for prolonged hours in front of a computer. The erratic postures while studying and the addiction to the mobile technology has also resulted in an increasing incidence of refractory errors of the eyes such as myopia and hyperopia even in children.
Akshitarpan can help to treat this condition and restore the vision. It can also improve the vision clarity, and relieve the associated symptoms of computer vision syndrome such as blurred vision, headache, watering, and redness of the eyes, and dry eyes. It can also increase the strength of the ocular muscles and improve the peripheral vision. It facilitates the normal eye movements and corrects refractive errors.
Patients with cataract can benefit from undergoing Akshitarpan. It can delay the progress of cataract and prevent the vision loss.
The degenerative conditions of the eyes such as retinopathies, optic nerve atrophy, and macular degeneration can be managed well by using this treatment.
Dry eyes is a symptom that occurs due to the unhealthy habits such as looking at the computer screen or television for a longer duration without blinking the eyes or looking elsewhere in between. Akshitarpan can help to relieve the symptoms of dry eyes such as pain, and redness that occur due to the inadequate lubrication between the eyelids and the eyeball.
Some other conditions that can be treated with the help of Akshitarpan include squint, excessive falling of eyelashes, drooping of eyelids, Keratitis (inflammation of the cornea), injury to the eyes, glaucoma, and conjunctivitis.
The importance of Akshitarpan has increased in the past few years due to the rising incidence of the stress and strain related eye disorders. These disorders are linked to the excessive use of computers, mobiles, and similar gadgets. Akshitarpan provides nourishment to the eyes and brings about a feeling of lightness and freshness in the treated part. It also improves the strength of eyes, and restores the vision. Hence, Akshitarpan is considered a safe and effective procedure for the treatment and prevention of several eye disorders.
Call Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic in Melbourne, Australia to consult with best ayurvedic doctors on board or take amazing natural eye treatment with whole course of panchakarma or just one set of Akshitaran and keep your eyes as healthy as you like.
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