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How Disease Is Caused ?

                                    

In Ayurveda, the concept of health is fundamental to the understanding of disease. “Dis” means deprived of, and “ease” means comfort. Therefore, before discussing disease, we must understand the meaning of comfort or health.

 
 
A state of health exists when: the digestive fire is in a balanced condition; the bodily Humors/Dosha (Vata,Pita & Kapha) are in equilibrium; the three waste products (urine, stool and sweat) are produced at normal levels and is in balance; the senses are functioning normally; and the body, mind and consciousness are harmoniously working as one.
 
 
When, the balance of any of these systems is disturbed, the disease process begins. Because a balance of the above-mentioned elements and functions is responsible for natural resistance and immunity, even contagious diseases cannot affect the person who is in good health. Thus, imbalances of the body and mind are responsible for physical and psychological pain and misery.
 
 
 
Furthermore all diseases are caused by aggravation of the Doshas. This aggravation of different doshas is caused by the intake of improper diet and leading an improper lifestyle. The three causes of illness are excessive, insufficient, or improper use of,
1. The senses
2. Actions
3. Seasonal factors
 

1. Unsuitable use of the senses: Unwholesome contact of the senses (taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell) with objects. For example, sound (hearing loud voices, noise pollution cause serious mind and health problems). Touch (contact of the skin with chemicals, hot objects, or overly cold objects).Sight (exposure to too much light, such as staring at the sun).
 

2. Unsuitable use of the Actions: Relate to body, speech, and mind. These include, conduct, urge, posture, concern, and emotions. Thoughts and decisions leading to harmful or unhealthy situations are said to be errors of the intellect.
 

3. Seasonal factors: Vata dosha accumulates during the dry or dehydrating heat of the summer .It becomes aggravated during the rainy season which causes weakened digestion, acidic atmospheric conditions, and gas produced from the earth.
 
 
Pitta accumulates during the rainy season due to the acidic conditions of the atmosphere and a weakened digestion. It is aggravated during autumn when the heat returns .This occurs after the cooling spell of the rainy season.
 
 
Kapha accumulates during the cold season due to the cold and damp caused by the winds, clouds, and rain. It gets aggravated during the spring when the warm weather liquefies the accumulating Kapha.

 
Food Intake and Dosha Illness

 
Improper quantity and quantity of food results in impairing strength, complexion, weight, distention, longevity, virility. It afflicts the body, mind, intellect, and senses, causing harm to the body tissues.Food taken in excess aggravates all three doshas.
 
 
Disease Progness

 
The individual constitution determines disease-proneness. For example, people of kapha constitution have a definite tendency toward kapha diseases. They may experience repeated attacks of tonsillitis, sinusitis, bronchitis and congestion in the lungs.
 
 
Similarly individuals of pitta constitution are susceptible to gallbladder, bile and liver disorders, hyperacidity, peptic ulcer, gastritis and inflammatory diseases.
Pitta types also suffer from skin disorders such as hives and rash.
 
 
Vata people are very susceptible to gas, lower back pain, arthritis, sciatica, paralysis and neuralgia.
 
 
Vata diseases have their origin in the large intestine; Pitta diseases in the small intestine; and Kapha disorders in the stomach. Imbalanced Humors/Dosha in these areas will create certain signs and symptoms.
 
 
The imbalance causing the disease may originate in the consciousness in the form of some negative awareness and it may then manifest in the mind, where the seed of the disease may lie in the deeper subconscious in the form of anger, fear or attachment.
 
 
Sometimes, the imbalance causing the disease-process may first occur in the body and then manifest in the mind and consciousness
 
 
Foods, living habits and environments with attributes similar to those of the Dosha (Humor) will be antagonistic to the bodily tissues. They will create an imbalance that is first manifested on the physical level, and later affects the mind through a disturbance in the three Doshas.
 
 
For instance, disturbed Vata creates fear, depression and nervousness; excess Pitta in the body will cause anger, hate and jealousy; aggravated Kapha creates possessives, greed and attachment. Thus, there is a direct connection between diet, habits, environment and emotional disorders.