Nowadays, gynecological problems are becoming common. One of the common problems is termed as endometriosis. It affects 10 to 20 percent of women of childbearing age worldwide.
What is Endometriosis?
Every month ovaries produces hormones that cause swelling and thickening of endometrium (mucus cells linings) of the uterus. The uterus sheds these mucous membranous cells along with menstrual blood through the vagina during the menstruation. When endometrium grows outside of the uterus, it results in the endometriosis.
The presence of endometrium (uterine mucous membrane) outside the lining of uterus is known endometriosis. It causes painful periods and premenstrual pain.
Causes of Endometriosis
The exact cause of the this problem is not known, but the following several factors may play a role in development of this disease.
Endometriosis Treatment in Ayuevda
Endometriosis is caused by aggravation of Kapha humor, according to ayurveda. However, other two humors (Vata & Pitta) may be associated with the occurrence of this disease, but the dominant humor is Kapha.
Kapha dosha controls the endometrial tissue growth in the uterus and Pitta controls the uterine blood flow and menstrual cycle. Vata controls the hormonal functions through the brain by stimulation of hormone production. Pain in endometriosis is due to the Vata humor.
Derangement in natural functions of three humors causes endometriosis, as per ayurvedic science.
In modern science,there is no effective treatment for this disease, but ayurvedic medicines can definitely help to treat this disease.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
Pelvic pain is the main symptom of this disease. The occurrence of the pelvic pain may be linked with the menstrual period. Often women with endometriosis experience abdominal pain before and during the menstruation.
The following are the symptoms that appears:
According to studies, women with irritable bowel syndrome are more prone to endometriosis.
Endometriosis treatment in ayurveda is based on the concept of balancing the three body humors and restoring their natural functions. Ayurvedic methods of treatment are explained below:
The herbal formula containing following herbs is beneficial for women suffering from this disease. Very experience ayurvedic doctors of "Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic" in Melbourne, Australia have discovered this herbal treatment for endometriosis after the deep research of about 10 years. Women suffering from endometriosis can buy this formulation from "Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic" in veggie Herbal capsules. Thousands of clients all over the world have used these herbs successfully to manage worse to worse cases of endometriosis.
Shilajeet (Mineral Pitch)
Shilajeet is one of very important ayurvedic medicine used in gynecological problems. It helps in reducing the abnormalities of lower abdominal organs including uterus. It corrects the balance of the vata, pitta and kapha and provides the strength to the uterus. It reduces the size of uterine fibroids and it is beneficial in treating ovarian cysts. In endometriosis, it helps by preventing the abnormal growth of the tissue outside the uterus without disturbing the natural function of hormones and process of menstruation.
Yastimadhu, or Indian licorice is highly effective in reducing uterine bleeding and inflammation. It works by reducing its symptoms of the disease and balancing hormone levels in the body. It also reduces pain associated with endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease.
Amalaki (Phyllanthus emblica)
Amalaki is used to balance Pitta and Kapha humors. In endometriosis, pitta causes excessive bleeding and aggravation of kapha results in growth of the endometrium outside the uterus. In addition to these, amalaki is very nutritious fruit rice in vitamin C. It enhances proper liver functions, corrects food absorption, nourishes the brain and supports the heart.
Shatavari (Indian asparagus)
Indian asparagus is a great herb used in ayurvedic medicine for a variety of diseases. It is a friend of women suffering from Dysmenorrhea, infertility, nutritional deficiencies, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory diseases, excessive uterine bleeding and other hormonal problems.
A research published by Santish Kumar et al mentions about the uses of shatavari. It refers to shatavari as a uterine tonic and it also cleanses, nourishes and strengthens the female reproductive system. Shatavari has many organic chemical compounds like steroidal saponins, glycosides, alkaloids, polysaccharides, mucilage, racemosol and isoflavones that possess a wide range of medicinal properties.
Ashoka (Saraca indica)
Ashoka is used in excessive uterine bleeding and pain associated with various gynecological diseases. In endometriosis, it is very effective remedy to reduce bleeding, alleviate pain and stop abnormal growth of tissue. These actions of Ashoka bark are due to the presence of certain Tannin and Catechol. These alkaloids helps balancing the woman hormones and rectifies their functions in the body.
A case study presented by Neelam Kumari Singh highlights the uses of ashokarishtha, an ayurvedic tonic in the treatment of fibroids. Ashokarishtha was administered besides other medicines and a significant relief was observed in the condition of the patient. It contains the bark of Saraca asoca that reduces the uterine bleeding due to its astringent and uterine sedative effects which may be due to the presence of haematoxylin. It is effective in fibroids for clearing the congestion from excess kapha and aama (free radicals, tonixs and by- products) in artavavaha srotas (reproductive tract). As the bark contains ketosterols, it treats the uterine fibroids.
Daruharidra (Berberis aristrata)
Daruharidra contains berberine and isoquinoline alkaloids. These alkaloids possess antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-tumor and anti-diabetic properties. Furthermore, daruharidra stops uterine bleeding and reduces pain. Thus, it is an effective remedy for endometriosis.
Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa)
Likewise, daruhridra lodhra works to stop bleeding that occurs due to endometriosis. It is also helpful for women with leucorrhoea and pelvic inflammatory disease.
Arjun (Terminalia arjuna)
However, arjun is known for its heart protective actions. But it is also beneficial in other diseases such as osteoporosis, joint pain and arthritis. In endometriosis, it is effective due to presence of tannins like Ashoka. It also reduces bleeding and provides strength to the pelvic organ.
Following Ayurvedic panchkarma detoxification therapies are done from last many years in the chronic cases of Endometriosis
Virechana helps in gynecological disease by detoxifying the body and increasing the efficacy of the ayurvedic medicines and enhancing the absorption of active principle of herbs in the body. Through all these, it helps in maintaining help and prevents further damage to the different organs, so it can stop the abnormal growth of endometrium out of its natural place.
Vasti procedure pacifies the vata, one of the associated causes of pain in endometriosis. It helps to reduce the pain and restore the natural functions of the pelvic organs.
Uttara vasti is an ayurvedic procedure in which a small amount of medicaments is inserted through the vagina. It is very effective in female infertility and endometriosis.
Yoga poses are also very helpful for gynecological diseases. These poses include thunderbolt pose or rock pose (vajrasana), supported butterfly pose or reclined bound angle pose (supta baddha konasana), hero pose (virasana), reclined hero pose (supta virasana), seated wide legged straddle (upavistha konasana), etc.
Ayurvedic diet is a crucial part of the treatment. Consult ayurvedic physician for the individualized ayurvedic diet plan. Ayurvedic diet is decided upon the body type and aggravation of humors in the body. Ayurvedic treatment is effective alternative approach in endometriosis; it can highly help patients with endometriosis.
1. Santosh Kumar, R K Mehla and A K Dang, ‘Use of Shatavari (Asparagus Racemosus) as a Galactopoietic and Therapeutic Herb’, Research Gate, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267963002_USE_OF_SHATAVARI_ASPARAGUS_RACEMOSUS_AS_A_GALACTOPOIETIC_AND_THERAPEUTIC_HERB-A_REVIEW
2. Neelam Kumari Singh, ‘Management of uterine fibroid with Ayurvedic intervention’, Ayurscientifica- An International Journal of Traditional and Integrative Medical Sciences, https://ayurscientifica.com/ReportFile/d76398e601694ad29525afdd71b21fc3.pdf
Dr. Gurnam Saini
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
MD Alternative Medicine
Panchkarma Detox Expert
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