Ayurvedic medicine is although considered ancient yet may offer a complete systematic approach to health & wellbeing. It may have the potential to help people of all ages who are ready to take their first steps on the path to wellness.
The Ayurvedic approach to health care is focussed on not only identifying & treating the symptoms of an illness but also mainiting the health of a healthy person.
Ayurveda has two main features:
1. Body Type
Firstly, it is based on the principle that each individual has their own unique body make up known as Constitution or Prakriti, which is determined by the makeup of their parents and becomes apparent at birth.
Once you know your body’s constitution it becomes much easier to for an individual to live a healthy life by following a compatible lifestyle and diet that keeps the body’s constitution in balance. If at any stage an in-balance occurs, it is much easier to structure a specific program to redress the imbalance rather than just treating the symptoms of the illness as they occur.
2. Body Intelligence
The second feature of ayurveda is that each individual has a unique bodily intelligence. When this intelligence is kept in a balanced state the body has the ability to flush out waste products from cellular metabolism more easily. When the body is unable to regularly flush out these toxins they will start to collect in the tissues leading to more wear and tear on the body, both physically and mentally.
Therefore balanced body intelligence is necessary for flushing out toxins, keeping the body healthy by maintaining this equilibrium and preventing problems from manifesting. When these imbalances occur, it is important to be able to identify what has influenced this change and to redress these factors through diet, lifestyle and environmental changes. This is the role of the Ayurvedic practitioner.
An Ayurvedic practitioner carry out a through body assessment & case history to determine which of the three bodily intelligences are affected, whether Vata, Pitta or Kapha. The practitioner then assess how deep this imbalance has gone and which tissues have been affected.
The practitioner then assess whether the imbalance is in its preliminary stages or has gone deeper into the body to manifest as a particular ailment and may then structure a specific program for the client with an intention to bring the body intelligence back into balance.
Ayurveda believes that illness begins from disharmony between mind, body and soul. Most of the time the problems & symptoms that manifest at a physical level begin from imbalances at a mental level, so it’s very important to identify a patient’s mental state. Therefore while treating a disease, ayurvedic practitioner keeps in mind the whole complex of mind, body and soul and not merely the physical body or the structural organs. The basis of the human body according to Ayurveda depends on three primary factors viz. Dosha (bodily intelligence),Dhatu (body tissues) and Malas(excretory products).
Doshas are the functional entities with designated functions. They are also said to be subtle forces. These Doshas are three in number viz., Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Doshas are also called as Humors, which govern or control the functioning of the body.
Dhatus/Body tissues are basic body elements which forms body framework and comprise of seven types of body tissues.
Malas/Excretory products are excretory waste products that make the body clean and healthy.
Ayurveda believes that Majority of illnesses arise from poor metabolism. According to Ayurveda, there is no nutritional benefit from eating only healthy food if we are unable to metabolise these foods properly.
Ayurveda believes to have a systematic approach to healing by detoxifying the body and rejuvenating body, mind & spirit. The healing principles of Ayurveda have remained unchanged for centuries.
So to conclude disease evaluation and management in Ayurveda are individualized. Diagnosis is made by history-taking, observation, palpation, and performing an examination of various organs from ayurveda prospective. Particular attention is paid to the examination of the pulse, tongue, eyes, and nails.
The nature and the quality of the assessment are quite different from conventional biomedical assessment. The findings may also have different interpretations and are based on principles described here. For example, in Ayurveda, 12 different pulses are recognisable and they correlate with the functions of various internal organs.
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Ayurveda stads for extensive and elaborate clinical examination to understand thenature of the disease