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Ayurveda: How It Works

Author : Dr. Gurnam Saini  


Ayurvedic medicine is a complete systematic approach to health & wellbeing. It has the ability to help people of all ages who are ready to take their first steps on the path to wellness.


The Ayurvedic approach to health care is focussed on not only identifying & treating the symptoms of an illness but determining & removing its root cause.

Ayurveda has two features that make it a unique science and separate it from other health modalities.

1. Body Type

Firstly, it is based on the principle that each individual has their own unique body make up known as Constitution or Prakriti, which is determined by the makeup of their parents and becomes apparent at birth.

Once you know your body’s constitution it becomes much easier to for an individual to live a healthy life by following a compatible lifestyle and diet that keeps the body’s constitution in balance. If at any stage an in-balance occurs, it is much easier to structure a specific program to redress the imbalance rather than just treating the symptoms of the illness as they occur.

2. Body Intelligence

The second feature of this science is that each individual has a unique bodily intelligence. When this intelligence is kept in a balanced state the body has the ability to flush out waste products from cellular metabolism more easily. When the body is unable to regularly flush out these toxins they will start to collect in the tissues leading to more wear and tear on the body, both physically and mentally.

Therefore balanced body intelligence is necessary for flushing out toxins, keeping the body healthy by maintaining this equilibrium and preventing problems from manifesting. When these imbalances occur, it is important to be able to identify what has influenced this change and to redress these factors through diet, lifestyle and environmental changes. This is the role of the Ayurvedic practitioner.

Ayurvedic treatment

An Ayurvedic practitioner will carry out a through body assessment & case history to determine which of the three bodily intelligences are affected, whether Vata, Pitta or Kapha. The practitioner will then assess how deep this imbalance has gone and which tissues have been affected.

The practitioner will then assess whether the imbalance is in its preliminary stages or has gone deeper into the body to manifest as a particular ailment and will then structure a specific program for the client to bring the body intelligence back into balance.

Ayurveda believes that illness begins from disharmony between mind, body and soul. Most of the time the problems & symptoms that manifest at a physical level begin from imbalances at a mental level, so it’s very important to identify a patient’s mental state. Therefore while treating a disease, ayurvedic practitioner keeps in mind the whole complex of mind, body and soul and not merely the physical body or the structural organs. The basis of the human body according to Ayurveda depends on three primary factors viz. Dosha (bodily intelligence),Dhatu (body tissues) and Malas(excretory products).

• Doshas are the functional entities with designated functions. They are also said to be subtle forces. These Doshas are three in number viz., Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Doshas are also called as Humors, which govern or control the functioning of the body.

• Dhatus/Body tissues are basic body elements which forms body framework and comprise of seven types of body tissues.

• Malas/Excretory products are excretory waste products that make the body clean and healthy.

Many illnesses arise from poor metabolism. According to Ayurveda, there is no nutritional benefit from eating only organic foods if we are unable to metabolise these foods properly.

Ayurveda has a systematic approach to healing by detoxifying the body and rejuvenating body, mind & spirit.

The healing principles of Ayurveda have remained unchanged for centuries. Its philosophy does not change in response to the latest fashions in the health industry but are based on centuries of scientific observation of the natural world.

So to conclude disease evaluation and management in Ayurveda are individualized. Diagnosis is made by history-taking, observation, palpation, and performing an examination of various organs and systems with particular attention to the heart, lungs, and intestines. Particular attention is paid to the examination of the pulse, tongue, eyes, and nails. Urine examination is also performed.

The nature and the quality of the assessment are quite different from conventional biomedical assessment most physicians are used to. The findings have different interpretations and are based on principles described here. For example, in Ayurveda, 12 different pulses are recognizable and they correlate with the functions of various internal organs.


Gurnam Saini

Ayurvedic Consultant (Known as Ayurvedic doctor in India)

Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery from India

MD Alternative Medicine from India 

Panchkarma Detox Expert

Member of AAA(Australian Association of Ayurveda)

PH- 0061 430 799 515 




Disclaimer: Any member of Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic team including Gurnam Saini and Pooja Saini is not claiming to be a Medical Doctor and is not registered with Medical Board of Australia. If the word doctor is used anywhere in advertising or referencing members of Pure Herbal Ayurved clinic, it is suggestive of ayurvedic doctors recognised in India after achieving Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery qualification. Australia does not recognise this qualification as main stream medical profession. This qualification is recognised in Australia by vetassess governing body as naturopath.


If you suffering from a disease or symptom that has not been evaluated by a Medical Doctor, it is recommended that you receive a proper evaluation from your GP. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of information on this website or consultation with our Ayurveda expert.


Information on the website is for information purpose only. It is not meant as a substitute for the advice of a medical doctor. You should not use the information available on or through the website for diagnosing or treating a medical condition.


Author Bio:

Dr. Gurnam Saini has over 15 years’ experience in Ayurvedic naturopathy treatments in Melbourne, Australia. He has completed his bachelor degree in Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery from Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, India. He has done MD in Alternative Medicine and certificate courses in Panchakarma Detox, Pulse diagnosis and skin care. In Australia he pursued post graduate degree in mental health from La Trobe University, Melbourne (Australia). He has worked as associated Nurse Unit Management in Eastern Healths, Melbourne for 9 years. He is also a member of the Australasian Association of Ayurveda (AAA). He has won awards for ground-breaking work in Ayurveda globally.Read More

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