Like height and weight, blood pressure is also a characterized of each individual. Blood pressure varies for a person according to age and ethnic backgrounds.
Blood pressure usually rises with age, especially up to the seventh decade. This rise is more notable for systolic pressure and also more obvious in males.
Hypertension is a disorder in which blood pressure abnormally raised from 139/89 mm of Hg. From long time hypertension remains one of the commonest chronic conditions in the developed parts of world.
WHO’s World health statistics 2012 report made after accessing health conditions in 194 countries, indicates that one in three adults suffers from raised blood pressure worldwide.
The best hypertensive treatment is possible when it is diagnose on time or at early stages. Otherwise, it can deteriorate health by becoming reason behind major health problems such as stroke, heart attack or kidney failure.
Blood pressure should be measured routinely for all the adults up to age of 80 years. One reading of raised blood pressure is not enough to diagnose someone with hypertension. Especially for assessing the cardio-vascular risk, the average blood pressure at separate occasions is more correct than measurements taken at a single occasion.
Classification of Hypertension
Primary or essential hypertension affects 90 to 95% of hypertensive individuals. It has no underlying aetiology. However, according to new researches, it may have relation with genetic factors and may be consequences of environmental factors. Its prevalence increases in old age.
Individuals having systolic blood pressure usually between 121 to 139 mm hg and diastolic blood pressure between 81 to 89 mm hg are more prone to primary hypertension. Individuals come under this category are also called pre-hypertensive individuals.
Secondary hypertension is not common as primary hypertension. It affects 5 to 10% hypertensive people. The hypertension is caused by other health conditions such as kidney diseases, arterial diseases, heart diseases and hormonal diseases.
However, causes of primary hypertension are still under research but following seems to be most significant reasons behind hypertension.
Hypertension has the tendency to run into the families and sure shot children of hypertensive parents have higher blood pressure as compare to age- matched children of people with normal blood pressure.
Obesity is predisposing factor for high blood pressure as many researchers have confirmed that fat people have higher blood pressure than thin people. Sleep disturbance mostly seen with obesity worsen the situation more.
Excessive salt intake
Excessive salt intake also affects blood pressure. Residents with higher sodium throughout the world usually have higher blood pressure.
Many studies have confirmed the close relationship between the consumption of alcohol and blood pressure level.
Excessive smoking may cause high blood pressure.
Hectic lifestyle causes stress and stress has its impact on the heart and on the brain by which blood pressure is raised.
Bad eating habits
Too much junk food are also responsible for high blood pressure.
Especially thyroid or adrenal problems may cause hypertension.
Atherosclerosis is a condition of hardening of arteries that can also cause elevation in blood pressure.
Sedentary life style
If you are living a sedentary life or do not exercise, you may be prone for hypertension as some studies show that people having sedentary lifestyle are more prone to high blood pressure.
Many medications like oral contraceptive pills, steroids know to raise the blood pressure from its normal limits.
About 30% people do not know that they are suffering from high blood pressure. Years may pass with hypertension without experience any symptoms due to ignorance to general symptoms, most commonly headache. Therefore, all health care providers recommend regular screening of blood pressure even when you have no symptoms.
Extremely elevated blood pressure can cause following symptoms:
Complications Of Hypertension
Hypertension can cause various diseases or make worse condition in some diseases if it is not properly controlled. Hypertension can become a major risk factor in following conditions:
Best hypertensive treatment is possible only when it is diagnosed at early stages. Delay in diagnosis can lead to above major diseases. Its highly recommend that one should go for regular health checkups so that proper measures can be taken before conditions get worse.
Treatment of Hypertension in western medicine:
As mentioned earlier that the decision to start any specific hypertension should be made only after a careful period of assessment, up to 6 months, with repeated measurement of blood pressure.
Aim of all the western antihypertensive medication is to only reduce the risk of complication of high blood pressure. Moreover, all these medication are associated with mild to severe side effects.
The Most appropriate first line of treatment depends on the patient’s age, ethnic background, sex and any associated illness.
Most commonly used western medication with their common side effects is as follows:
According to ayurvedic herbal science, hypertension is mainly caused by vata vitiation so ayurveda has its primary focus to pacify vata humour defect. However, it may be cause by other humours as well and need to manage accordingly. The best hypertensive treatment is having control over the dietary habits and excessive salt intake.
Ayurveda includes diet replacement therapy, you need to switch to vegetarian diet and emphasis is given over low salt intake. There are some breathing exercises known as Pranayama, yoga and some meditation useful to reduce high blood pressure.
Some herbs and ayurvedic medicines are prescribed to manage blood pressure. Shirodhara (gently poring medicated oil over the forehead for a certain period) and some other ayurvedic relaxation techniques also help to keep anxiety and blood pressure under control.
The following Ayurvedic herbs are very effective to cure high blood pressure naturally. To lower the raised blood pressure a perfect herbal formula is required as per as one’s unique Ayurvedic Body Type. Below mention all the herbs help to prevent damage to the heart and vascular system of the body and eventually works best in Hypertension. To know more about these herbs, contact “Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic”, one of the best Ayurvedic clinics in Melbourne, Australia.
Terminalia Arjuna (Arjuna)
According to the Ayurvedic literature Terminalia Arjuna is cardiac tonic and possesses hypolipidemic effects. It strengthens the heart musculature and enhances working capacity of heart. This effect is probably due to tannins in Terminalia Arjuna. It is useful in hypertension. It acts as beta-blocker and antioxidant for heart by which blood pressure comes to normal.
It is also helpful in ischemic heart disease by correcting the T wave changes. It reduce the elevated bad blood cholesterol (LDH) and increase the good blood cholesterol(HDL).Terminalia Arjuma also found to be helpful in cardiac pain and palpitation by increasing the prostaglandin levels in the blood.
As Terminalia Arjun is rich in Co-enzyme Q-10, which is require for all the organs for transportation of energy and normal functioning. Studies have shown that heart and liver have highest demand for Co enzyme Q-10.Thus arjuna is very useful herbs for heart and liver.
Commiphora mukul (Guggulu)
Guggulsterones present in Commiphora Mukul reduces the cholesterol levels in the blood. It also prevents blood clots from growing and becoming problematic as considered good for the people having frequent thromboembolism. Commiphore mukul is comparable to the effect of ‘Clofibrate’ an organic compound, which is usually used for controlling the high cholesterol and triglyceride level in the blood. Also have therapeutic value in myocardial infarction,ischemic heart disease and controlling obesity naturally.
Tribulus terrestris (Gokshura)
It has effects like diuretics and ACE inhibitor so aid to reduce blood pressure. Department of Pharmacology, Razi Institute for Drug Research and Cellular and Molecular Research Center, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, has conducted a study in which they have found that Tribulus terrestris is natural hypertensive agent. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14519445)
There are many medicines used in ayurveda to manage hypertension. For more information about these medicines, you need to consult an ayurvedic physician. Your local ayurvedic physician can guide you for proper medication using ayurvedic herbs or formulations.
Curcuma longa (Tumeric)
The active ingredient, curcumin, of this commonly used spice in India has antiinflammatory and lipid-lowering effects. Increased cholesterol levels can be brought to normal with the use of Curcuma Longa.
Bacopa Monnieri (Brahmi)
It is considered the primary Ayurvedic nerve and cardiac Tonic because of a glycoside (saponin) found in it. It reduces stress level and lowers the blood pressure. It also improves the blood circulation in the body.
Garlic, which is full of vitamins like vitamin c, folic acid, riboflavin, thiamine and niacin, is well known to cause marked improvement in high blood pressure and reduces blood cholesterol level.
Nardostachys jatamansi (Jatamasi)
Jatamansi is mind relaxant and gives relief in stress disorders. Stress is also a cause of high blood pressure, so it also works to lower the blood pressure. Furthermore, it contains coumarins and sesquiterpenes, which are sedatives in nature. It is a natural sedative, but it does not cause any side effects like modern sedatives. It also works on blood vessels, relaxes the lumen of vessels, and facilitates in easier blood flow. It is also used for memory loss, Alzheimer's disease, amnesia, attention deficit and behavior disorders.
Herbs like shankapushi, bhringraj, purnarnava, guduchi, amala and shatavari are also beneficial in high blood pressure.
Ayurvedic body massage
Ayurvedic body massage releases the body toxins through the skin pores and enhances blood circulation. It provides relief in stress, depression, anxiety and tiredness. It also helps in high blood pressure by enhancing a proper blood circulation throughout the body and by reducing mental stress.
Shirodhara is an effective stress reliever in ayurveda. Stress is also a risk factor for hypertensive patient. Therefore, people with high blood pressure should take shirodhara session at least once a week.
Hypertension may be due to sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol levels, blockages in the blood vessels and lack of physical work. Therefore, yoga is lifestyle treatment and nature answer for the high blood pressure. Yoga helps reducing stress that may be linked with hypertension. Yoga also helps to decrease the plaque accumulation in the blood vessels, lowers cholesterol levels and reduces risk of hypertensive heart disease. The helpful yoga poses are Child's Pose (Shishu Asana), Corpse Position (Shavasana), Full Yogic breathing, Adho Mukha Shvanasana (Downward-Facing Dog Pose), Uttanasana (Standing Forward Bend Pose), Pashchimottanasana (Posterior Stretch Pose), Halasana (Plow Pose), Setu Bandha Sarvangasana (Bridge Pose), Camel pose, Knees squeeze, Nadi shodhana (Breathing Exercise) and Pranayama.
Considering the side effects with the entire antihypertensive medications, one should try non- pharmacological measures prior to start on any medication.
Tips given underneath will be helpful for preventing and managing hypertension:
Ayurvedic medicines and herbs are safe to keep blood pressure under control and to avoid side effects of modern medicines. Ayurvedic approach in hypertension is very different because ayurveda consider body type, humors involved and type of treatment required. Therefore, consult now ayurvedic expert Dr. Gurnam Saini for detailed ayurvedic analysis and ayurvedic natural treatment for high blood pressure.
Dr. Gurnam Saini
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
MD Alternative Medicine
Panchkarma Detox Expert
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Ayurveda stads for extensive and elaborate clinical examination to understand thenature of the disease