Hypertension is a disorder in which blood pressure abnormally raised from 139/89 mm of Hg. From long time hypertension remains one of the commonest chronic conditions in the developed parts of world. The diagnosis of hypertnesion should be made by a medical doctor.
WHO’s World health statistics 2012 report made after accessing health conditions in 194 countries, indicates that one in three adults suffers from raised blood pressure worldwide.
Classification of Hypertension
Primary or essential hypertension affects 90 to 95% of hypertensive individuals. It has no underlying aetiology. However, according to new researches, it may have relation with genetic factors and may be consequences of environmental factors. Its prevalence increases in old age.
Individuals having systolic blood pressure usually between 121 to 139 mm hg and diastolic blood pressure between 81 to 89 mm hg are more prone to primary hypertension. Individuals come under this category are also called pre-hypertensive individuals.
Secondary hypertension is not common as primary hypertension. It affects 5 to 10% hypertensive people. The hypertension is caused by other health conditions such as kidney diseases, arterial diseases, heart diseases and hormonal diseases.
High Blood Pressure Causes
However, causes of primary hypertension are still under research but following seems to be most significant reasons behind hypertension.
Hypertension has the tendency to run into the families and sure shot children of hypertensive parents have higher blood pressure as compare to age- matched children of people with normal blood pressure.
Obesity is predisposing factor for high blood pressure as many researchers have confirmed that fat people have higher blood pressure than thin people. Sleep disturbance mostly seen with obesity worsen the situation more.
Excessive salt intake
Excessive salt intake also affects blood pressure. Residents with higher sodium throughout the world usually have higher blood pressure.
Many studies have confirmed the close relationship between the consumption of alcohol and blood pressure level.
Excessive smoking may cause high blood pressure.
Hectic lifestyle causes stress and stress has its impact on the heart and on the brain by which blood pressure is raised.
Bad eating habits
Too much junk food are also responsible for high blood pressure.
Especially thyroid or adrenal problems may cause hypertension.
Atherosclerosis is a condition of hardening of arteries that can also cause elevation in blood pressure.
Sedentary life style
If you are living a sedentary life or do not exercise, you may be prone for hypertension as some studies show that people having sedentary lifestyle are more prone to high blood pressure.
Many medications like oral contraceptive pills, steroids know to raise the blood pressure from its normal limits.
High Blood Pressure Symptoms
About 30% people do not know that they are suffering from high blood pressure. Years may pass with hypertension without experience any symptoms due to ignorance to general symptoms, most commonly headache. Therefore, all health care providers recommend regular screening of blood pressure even when you have no symptoms.
Extremely elevated blood pressure can cause following symptoms:
Complications Of Hypertension
Hypertension can cause various diseases or make worse condition in some diseases if it is not properly controlled. Hypertension can become a major risk factor in following conditions:
Best hypertensive treatment is possible only when it is diagnosed at early stages. Delay in diagnosis can lead to above major diseases. Its highly recommend that one should go for regular health checkups so that proper measures can be taken before conditions get worse.
According to ayurvedic herbal science, hypertension is mainly caused by vata vitiation so ayurveda has its primary focus to pacify vata humour defect. However, it may be cause by other humours as well and need to manage accordingly. The best hypertensive preventative treatment is having control over the dietary habits and having an active lifestyle and reducing excessive salt intake.
Ayurveda suggests high fibre primarily vegetarian diet and emphasis is given over low salt intake. There are some breathing exercises known as Pranayama, yoga and some meditation useful to reduce high blood pressure.
Some herbs and ayurvedic medicines are prescribed to maintain and manage blood pressure. Shirodhara (gently poring medicated oil over the forehead for a certain period) and some other ayurvedic relaxation techniques may also help to keep anxiety and blood pressure under control.
These herbs should be taken under the supervision and guidance of an ayurvedic practitioner and should be discussed with your medical practitioner.
The following Ayurvedic herbs have been considered very effective to treat high blood pressure naturally. To lower the raised blood pressure a perfect herbal formula is required as per one’s unique Ayurvedic Body Type. Below mention all the herbs help to prevent damage to the heart and vascular system of the body and eventually work best in Hypertension. To know more about these herbs, contact “Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic”, one of the best Ayurvedic clinics in Melbourne, Australia.
Terminalia Arjuna (Arjuna)
According to the Ayurvedic literature Terminalia Arjuna is cardiac tonic and possesses hypolipidemic effects. It strengthens the heart musculature and enhances working capacity of heart. This effect is probably due to tannins in Terminalia Arjuna. It is useful in hypertension. It acts as natural beta-blocker and antioxidant for heart by which blood pressure comes to normal.
Research suggested that it can also be helpful in ischemic heart disease. It helps to reduce the elevated bad blood cholesterol (LDH) and increase the good blood cholesterol(HDL). Terminalia Arjuna has also been found to be helpful in cardiac pain and palpitation by increasing the prostaglandin levels in the blood.
As Terminalia Arjun is rich in Co-enzyme Q-10, which is require for all the organs for transportation of energy and normal functioning. Studies have shown that heart and liver have highest demand for Co enzyme Q-10. Thus arjuna is very useful herbs for heart and liver.
Commiphora mukul (Guggulu)
Guggulsterones present in Commiphora Mukul aims to reduce the cholesterol levels in the blood. It also helps to prevent blood clots from growing and becoming problematic as considered good for the people having frequent thromboembolism. Commiphore mukul is comparable to the effect of ‘Clofibrate’ an organic compound, which is usually used for controlling the high cholesterol and triglyceride level in the blood. Also have therapeutic value in myocardial infarction, ischemic heart disease and controlling obesity naturally.
Tribulus terrestris (Gokshura)
It has effects like diuretics so aid to reduce blood pressure by taking excess water out of body. Department of Pharmacology, Razi Institute for Drug Research and Cellular and Molecular Research Center, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, has conducted a study in which they have found that Tribulus terrestris is natural hypertensive agent.
There are many medicines used in ayurveda to manage hypertension. For more information about these medicines, you need to consult an ayurvedic doctor. Your local ayurvedic doctor can guide you for proper medication using ayurvedic herbs or formulations.
Curcuma longa (Tumeric)
The active ingredient, curcumin, of this commonly used spice in India has antiinflammatory and lipid-lowering effects. Increased cholesterol levels can be controlled with the use of Curcuma Longa.
Bacopa Monnieri (Brahmi)
It is considered the primary Ayurvedic nerve and cardiac Tonic because of a glycoside (saponin) found in it. It helps to reduce stress level and lowers the blood pressure. It also improves the blood circulation in the body.
Garlic, which is full of vitamins like vitamin c, folic acid, riboflavin, thiamine and niacin, is well known to cause marked improvement in high blood pressure and reduces blood cholesterol level.
Nardostachys jatamansi (Jatamasi)
Jatamansi is mind relaxant and gives relief in stress disorders. Stress can also be a cause for high blood pressure, so it also works to lower the blood pressure by reducing stress. Furthermore, it contains coumarins and sesquiterpenes, which are sedatives in nature. It also works on blood vessels, relaxes the lumen of vessels, and facilitates in easier blood flow. It is also used for memory loss, Alzheimer's disease, amnesia, attention deficit and behavior disorders.
Herbs like shankapushpi, bhringraj, purnarnava, guduchi, amla and shatavari are also beneficial in high blood pressure.
Herbs like bhringraj, guduchi, amala and shatavari are also beneficial in maintaining good blood pressure.
Ayurvedic body massage
Ayurvedic body massage helps to relax the body and helps to improve the ability to dela with stress and exhaustion. It may help in high blood pressure by enhancing the blood circulation throughout the body and by reducing mental stress.
Shirodhara is also considered an effective stress reliever in ayurveda. Stress is also a risk factor for hypertensive patient. Therefore, people with high blood pressure may consider shirodhara to relieve their stress.
Traditional Ayurvedic Formulations for High Blood Pressure
Hypertension may be due to sedentary lifestyle, high cholesterol levels, blockages in the blood vessels and lack of physical work. Therefore, yoga is a lifestyle technique and natural way to help reducing stress that may be linked with hypertension. The helpful yoga poses are Child's Pose (Shishu Asana), Corpse Position (Shavasana), Full Yogic breathing, Adho Mukha Shvanasana (Downward-Facing Dog Pose), Uttanasana (Standing Forward Bend Pose), Pashchimottanasana (Posterior Stretch Pose), Halasana (Plow Pose), Setu Bandha Sarvangasana (Bridge Pose), Camel pose, Knees squeeze, Nadi shodhana (Breathing Exercise) and Pranayama.
Ayurvedic medicines and herbs are safe to keep blood pressure under control. Ayurvedic approach in hypertension is very different because ayurveda consider body type, humors involved and type of treatment required. Therefore, consult now ayurvedic doctor Dr. Gurnam Saini for detailed ayurvedic analysis and ayurvedic natural treatment for high blood pressure.
If you wish to enquire more information on Hypertension or High Blood Pressure Ayurvedic Natural Treatment in Melbourne, you may contact us at Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic.
Dr Gurnam Saini (Ayurvedic Doctor)
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine from India
MD in Alternative Medicine from India
Certificate in Ayurveda Panchkarma Detox form India
Certificate in Ayurveda Pulse & Tongue diagnosis India
Post Graduate Diploma in Mental Health Nursing from Melbourne
Member of AAA (Australasian Association of Ayurveda)
Organising Secretary of AYUSH MELBOURNE CONFERENCE, 2018
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Disclaimer: The information on ayurvedic products and medicines on our website is for educational purposes only. One should not buy these products over the counter. These should only be taken after ayurvedic consultation with an ayurvedic practitioner. The uses and indications of these herbal products are based on Traditional Ayurvedic text books. These herbs should be supplemented with appropriate diet and lifestyle to get beneficial effects. Although there is a lot of research done on Ayurveda these days, yet these herbal products might not hold enough current research based evidence.
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Ayurveda stads for extensive and elaborate clinical examination to understand thenature of the disease