IBS is an inflammation of mucosal lining of colon (whole large intestine can be affected in severe cases), rectum and anus.
IBS sings and symptoms are combination of irregularity and irritability of large intestine (colon).
In Ayurvedic medicine texts, to some extent, condition called Grahani (intestinal disease) can be correlated to IBS. But an expert Ayurvedic doctor must able to distinguish with the fact that Grahani is not exactly Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) in Ayurveda.
The main difference between Grahani and IBS is that, Grahani is mainly small intestine disorder but IBS is a large intestine disorder. In Grahani mal-absorption is common but not in IBS. In Grahani pain is present mainly in peri- umbilical area but in IBS pain is generally on right or left flank of stomach.
Ayurvedic medicine science is all about correcting the imbalance of different doshas to eliminate the present disease. Not all the time is possible to name the disease or to find precise nomenclature based on modern science. An expert Ayurveda doctor should try to find the most possible correlation in terms of dosha involvements at the level of aetiology and pathogenesis or at the level of symptomatology.
As per Ayurveda, IBS symptoms or syndrome is due to dual dosha abnormalities; either due to vata pushing pitta (create loose motion) or vata pushing kapha (creates mucous in stool) in the colon.
“Samana Vata” controls intestinal muscle contractions or peristaltic movements of colon. When due to any reasons Vata (Samana and Apana vata) get vitiated, its chala (mobile) and vishama (irregular) qualities get aggravated too, which can leads to IBS.
In patients with IBS in Ayurveda:
In Vata IBS
Due to unhealthy lifestyle and food choices, vata accumulate and aggravated in the Pakvashaya (colon), then spreads to small intestine and disturb samana vata and agni (digestive fire) to cause symptoms like bloating, gas, dull pain, difficulty to evacuate and constipation.
In Vata-Pitta IBS
Pachaka Pitta in small intestine accumulated and aggravated due to unhealthy lifestyle and food choices. It causes burning, sharp pain and loose motion.
Following are the prodromal symptoms of IBS (1) which can be identified by a skilful Ayurveda doctor on time and so patients can prevent the full manifestation of diseases like IBS.
Based on ayurvedic science, there are 3 types of IBS
Vata IBS (also called as spastic colon) is characterised with:
Vata-pitta IBS is characterised with:
Vata-Kapha IBS (also called as nervous colon) is characterised with:
Based on Ayurveda Medicine science, below are the main causes for IBS like manifestations. So basically IBS treatments can be started or effective without correcting these causes.
Ultimate goal of IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome Ayurvedic medicine treatment is to remove the causative factors first, and then to restore the doshas imbalances, with the help of herbs and other ayurvedic thearpies like panchakarma etc.
Below are the four tools used as IBS irritable bowel syndrome ayurvedic treatment:
As we learned so far, that based on Ayurveda principles, IBS is caused due to imbalances of different Doshas. It’s also evident that apart from doshas imbalances, Agni mandhya (low digestive fire) and manas roga (Mental health disorder) are the other two main factors in the pathogenesis of the development of IBS. Treatment without considering the mental aspect and low state of digestive fire of the patient, will not give good results to overcome IBS. (3)
Traditionally below the names of main ayurvedic medicinal herbs used to treat IBS
Panchakarma is ayurveda method of the deep cleansing of cellular metabolism. It helps each cells of the body to restore its vata, pitta and kapha. Main panchakarma procedure famous in the treatments for IBS is:
Yoga is very useful to balance the digestive fire and control the emotional aspects with IBS. Below yoga and pranayama (breathing exercises) may be useful in the treatment of IBS:
Ayurveda scholar Charaka has claimed that biological body is born out of diet; and all the disease are born due to vitiated diet and then the vitiated doshas due to same.
So to treat IBS with the help of Ayurveda can’t be possible without correcting the diet and life-style habits.
One can follow the below ayurvedic’s recommendation on diet and life-style, if wants to manage IBS naturally and holistically.
1.Managing stress and anxiety with regular meditation and yoga and ayurvedic herbs.
2. To have structure in life-style, set times for meals and sleep is very important.
3. Follow lifestyle guidelines to suit the dosha.
An Ayurvedic treatment protocol, in treating diseases is every time unique and is based on person’s ayurvedic body type and constitution.
It is very important one should consult a qualified Ayurvedic doctor or practitioner beforehand starting any Ayurveda approach to deal with IBS like digestive disorder.
Even a simple kitchen herb if used irrationally can lead to many complications.
IBS is psychosomatic syndrome, so its management requires balancing both mind and physical doshas. A details investigation is must by an experienced Ayurveda doctor, to first find out the sequence of pathogenesis of IBS and then to make correct, effective and systematic plans to reverse the same pathogenesis.
For the same reasons one must consult with near by ayurvedic clinic. Dr Gurnam Saini, an Ayurveda doctor working in Melbourne, Australia since last many years has also helped my people who were suffering from conditions like IBS, crohn's disease and ulcerative disorders. One can either visit Pure Herbal Ayurved Clinic in Melbourne or take online consult to discuss the plan in Dr Saini.
Dr Gurnam Saini (Ayurvedic Doctor)
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine from India
MD in Alternative Medicine from India
Certificate in Ayurveda Panchkarma Detox from India
Certificate in Ayurveda Pulse & Tongue diagnosis from India
Post Graduate Diploma in Mental Health Nursing from Melbourne
Member of AAA (Australasian Association of Ayurveda)
Organising Secretary of AYUSH MELBOURNE CONFERENCE, 2018
PH- 0061 430 799 515
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Ayurveda stads for extensive and elaborate clinical examination to understand thenature of the disease